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4th COURSE IN FORENSIC ANTHROPOLOGY AND IDENTIFICATION OF HUMAN REMAINS

Organized by the Iranian Legal Medicine Organization and the International Committee of the Red Cross

2 - 5 December 2013

Tehran, Iran

 

Forensic Anthropology is concerned with the scientific recovery, analysis and identification of human remains in the medico-legal context.  The role of Forensic Anthropology includes a multidisciplinary approach together with other forensic sciences, not only in crime scene procedures but also in humanitarian work and mass disaster operations.

Course Objectives

·         Learn the basic methods that anthropologists use to determine age, sex and stature from the human skeleton (biological profile).

·         Understand and differentiate bone trauma, including timing and type of trauma.

·         Understand the methods used by forensic anthropologists to establish personal identity from human remains.

·         Develop the capacity of having a multidisciplinary approach to casework

·         Forensic Odontology

Participants

The course targeted forensic personnel, who might be involved in the analysis and identification of difficult cases related to human remains in different stages of decomposition/destruction. Forensic personnel include medico legal examiners, forensic pathologists attached to medico legal institutions.

This course was designed for 27 participants from Iran, Afghanistan, Iraq, Indonesia, Georgia and Srilanka.

Lecturers

  • Dr Gharadaghi and Dr. Ghadi pasha DGs from Department of Education and Research of the Iranian Legal Medicine Organization
  • Dr Mercedes Salado Puerto. Ph.D. in Biology (Physical Anthropology specialty), Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, Spain.  Forensic Anthropologist, Argentinean Forensic Anthropology Team (EAAF).  Buenos Aires, Argentina. Dr. Salado has been involved in several forensic investigations in Argentina, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Cyprus, Mexico, Guatemala, Peru, Sudan, East Timor, Togo and Uruguay. 
  • Dr Jose Luis Prieto, Forensic Pathologist, Forensic Anthropologist and Forensic Odontologist, he currently works in the Medico Legal Institute in Madrid (Spain). Dr Prieto has extensive experience in forensic casework in Spain and abroad, working as external consultant for the ICRC and other international organizations.
  • Mr Oran Finegan: Forensic Anthropologist. ICRC Regional Forensic Advisor for the Middle East. Mr Finegan experience covers criminal investigations, mass disaster and humanitarian events since 1994 including Bosnia-Herzegovina, Kosovo, the Balkans, Cyprus, and Iraq.

Location

The training took place at the Legal Medicine Organizations Conference Hall in Tehran (Iran) and the practical session was held in another branch of the LMO in Kahrizak.

Materials

The presentations were in English. Reading materials were provided to support all oral presentations, with practical activities as complement.

Participants who attended the entire training received a Certificate of Attendance at the end of the course.

Methodology

The course lasted for four days (8:30 am to 16:30 pm). After the lecture sessions (morning), the participants worked in practical sessions (afternoon).

Evaluation

The course was evaluated after the theoretical and practical presentations and exercises. 

 

Time

Day 1  - Dec 2

Day 2  - Dec 3

Day 3  - Dec 4

Day 4  - Dec 5

8:30-10:00

Course opening LMO-ICRC

Course overview

-Introduction to bone Pathology

-Ante mortem Pathology

 

Dr Mercedes Salado

Forensic Odontology

 

 

 

 

Dr Jose Prieto

Commingled remains

 

 

 

 

Dr Mercedes Salado

-Analysis and treatment of human skeletal remains.

 

Dr Mercedes Salado

 

10:00-10:15

Tea/Coffee Break

10:15- 11:45

Determination of the biological profile through the study of the skeleton.

 

 

Oran Finegan

Perimortem trauma

 

Oran Finegan

Forensic Odontology

 

Dr Jose Prieto

Decomposed human remains- Forensic Taphonomy

Case study

 

Dr Gharadaghi

Case study

 

Dr. M. Ghadipasha

11:45-13:00

Prayer time- Lunch

13:00-14:30

Practical session: Osteology and biological profile.

Course faculty

Practical session: Bone analysis.

Course faculty

Practical session: forensic odontology.

Course faculty

-identification of human remains

-common mistakes in human remains identification.

 

Dr Mercedes Salado

 

14:30-14:45

Tea/Coffee Break

14:45-16:30

Practical session: Osteology and biological profile.

Course faculty

Practical session: Bone analysis.

Course faculty

Practical session: forensic odontology.

Course faculty

Participants round table/evaluations Closing Ceremony

 

Description of activities

Opening session

·         Welcome remarks:

o   President of the Iranian Legal Medicine Organization

o   ICRC Head of Mission in Tehran

o   Presentation of lecturers and participants

Course overview

·         Overview of forensic archaeology/anthropology: concepts and objectives.

·         Introduction to the Three Steps of the Criminal/Forensic Investigation: Preliminary, Crime Scene, and Laboratory.

·         Ethical considerations in human rights and forensic science.

·         Relation between Forensic Anthropology and other forensic specialties.

Analysis and treatment of human skeletal remains:

·         Preparation of the laboratory: overview of required lab equipment and staff.

·         Preparation of the remains.

·         First considerations (human vs. non-human)

·         Strategy and management of a case: commingled remains, individual cases, etc.

·         Coding and databases.

·         Determination of MNI (minimal number of individuals).

·         Inventory.

Determination of the biological profile through the study of the skeleton

·         Sex (morphological techniques and metrics).

·         Age.

·         Stature

·         Handedness

·         Ancestry

Introduction to bone pathology

  • Introduction to Skeletal Pathology

·         Pathology vs. pseudopathology (taphonomic processes).

·         Temporality and classification: ante, peri and post mortem findings.

·         Population variations: epigenetic, discrete or non-metric traits

·         Markers of physical activity.

Antemortem pathology: Criteria and steps of analysis in skeletonized remains. 

·         Groups of classification in Pathology:

o   Traumatisms.

o   Congenital malformations and skeletal abnormalities

o   Metabolic disorders.

o   Infectious pathology.

o   Tumors and bone dysplasia.

o   Degenerative pathology

o   Miscellanea.

·         Diagnostic considerations.

  • Limitations and considerations on the use of Pathology in human identification.

Perimortem lesions

·         Classification.

·         Blunt force trauma

·         Gunshot wounds

·         Sharp force trauma.

  • Interpretation and cause of death

·         Considerations in the analysis of trauma: roles of experts, needs for multidisciplinary approach

Commingled remains

·         Strategy and methodology of analysis: procedures.

·         Intra-skeletal re-association: methods and limits.

Forensic Taphonomy

  • Determination of TSD / PMI
  • Determining the sequence of postmortem events
  • Differentiating postmortem damage from antemortem conditions
  • Differentiating postmortem damage from perimortem trauma

Identification of human remains

  • Identification by anthropological techniques.
  • Identification by genetic techniques.
  • Diagnostic Criteria vs. presumptive criteria.
  • Identification Committees.
  • Considerations in the identification of victims
  • Process of identification: needs for multidisciplinary approach.

Forensic Odontology

·         Introduction to Odontology (types of teeth, teeth nomenclature; dental charting; imaging techniques, etc.).

  • Use and application in forensic identification
  • Current techniques used in Forensic Odontology
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Date: 30/12/2013- 08:32 News Number:15632
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