• Introduction

      A Brief history of the Iranian legal medicine organization (LMO)

      Chief of the Iranian legal medicine organization

      Abbas Masjedi Arani

      M.D., Ph.D. (Clinical Psychology)

      Faculty Member and Head of Department of Clinical Psychology, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences

      ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------LMO Code of Ethics

      Organizational Code of Ethics in providing public service

      • Active and timely presence in work place
      • Acceptable appearance in line with the Islamic society’s customs and culture
      • Observance of discipline & order and good work ethic
      • Observance of justice, equality and fairness
      • Observance of sincerity, patience and broad-mindedness
      • Guiding the referred persons for receiving service without making them feel indebted
      • Being fully prepared to provide service
      • Avoiding unnecessary complexities
      • Kindness and amiability with others
      • Speed, diligence and endeavor in working and accountability toward people
      • Precision to provide accurate expert opinions and trustworthiness
      • High quality of the provided service
      • Better observance of laws and regulations in order to institutionalize the law
      • Providing an atmosphere of sincerity, friendship and mutual respect
      • Evaluating satisfaction of people from the provided services

      The Iranian legal medicine organization (LMO)

      Following the issuance of the National 20 Year Perspective by the Supreme Leader of the Revolution, the 20 Year Perspective of LMO was developed and its goals were defined in the framework of 5 year development plans. In line with the Judicial Development Plan the 20 Year Perspective of LMO was revised in 2009 through studying, training and teamwork by a group of directors and experts of LMO.

      20 Year Vision of LMO

      Mission of LMO

      LMO is an independent organization working under the auspices of the Head of the Judiciary; and provides expert opinions in the field of forensic medicine and medical expertise.

      Mission Statement of LMO

      The Iranian legal medicine organization, is an independent, with the mandate of finding the truth and helping in establishment of justice in the society, prevention of social harms and occurrence of crimes in the society, provides expert opinions in the field of forensic medicine, based on scientific, legal and juridical principles, using professional and competent personnel and modern technologies, with due diligence, speed and accuracy. To this end, it benefits from its comprehensive collaboration with internal and external academic and scientific centers in the field of research and education.

      Vision of LMO

      We will be the most advanced and creditable legal medicine organization among the countries of our region.

      Vision Statement of LMO

      We will be the most advanced and creditable legal medicine organization among the countries of our region, which using professional and competent personnel and modern technologies, as well as research and educational activities, provides its services with due diligence, speed and accuracy, and based on scientific principles, in order to attain justice and respect for recipients of its services.


      To accomplish its mission and achieve the designed vision, LMO will adhere to the following values:

      • Observance of professional ethics
      • Responsibleness and work ethic
      • Continuous quality improvement
      • Innovation and originality
      • Observance of Islamic code of ethics
      • Compliance with professional laws and regulations
      • Client appreciation
      • Being justice centered
      • Compliance with scientific standards
      • Global approach
      • Appropriate relations among managers and their personnel
      • Scientific upgrading of employees
      • Providing services in the shortest possible time
      • Safe, sane and intimate work environment
      • Professional immunity
      • Meritocracy
      • Improving inter-sectoral and extra-sectoral collaborations



      1. Management development and support

      This deputy is in charge of planning and policy making for administrative affairs, budgeting, informatics, construction etc.


      • Comptroller and financial affairs
      • Human resources
      • Support
      • Office of Information Technology and administrative reform
      1. Medical and Laboratory Investigations

      This deputy is in charge of planning for, direction of, and supervision over its divisions’ activities which include:

      • Specialized medical commissions
      • Clinical forensic examinations
      • Laboratories
      • Autopsy and crime scene investigation (CSI)
      • Medical documents
      1. Education and research

      This deputy is in charge of educational and research activities of LMO which include:

      Developing various curriculums for training courses in forensic medical examination, autopsy and laboratory investigations, etc., for employees and experts in different divisions of the organization;

      Providing in-service training courses for employees;

      CME (continuous medical education) programs for physicians;

      Planning and providing educational programs for residents of forensic medicine, occupational medicine, and psychiatry as well as medical students, students of obstetrics, nursing, law and police academy;

      Planning and policy making for research affairs;

      Evaluation of research proposals submitted by its employees and physicians, as well as university lecturers, residents of various medical specialties, legists, and religious experts, who want to use the LMO’s data in their research projects ( the results of which are published in the scientific and research magazine of LMO );

      Holding workshops, seminars, and scientific congresses in the field of forensic medicine;


      • Education and training
      • Research


      1. General directorate of the chief of LMO

      This directorate has 5 subsidiary offices including:

      • Iranian Genetic Data Bank

      This is a country-wide ongoing project for receiving and gathering human samples for genetic profiling in order to provide such services as identification, verification and matching in cases requested by competent authorities.

      • Public relations and international affairs

      This division is in charge of providing information regarding LMO to the public and receiving their expectations from the organization as well as initiating and developing national and international relations.

      • Crisis management office

      This office is in charge of developing the organization’s plans and policies in cases of crisis (natural and man-made disasters) as well as coordination and supervision over execution of the planned measures.

      • Performance evaluation and complaints handling

      The duty of this office is to evaluate the performance of different units, as well as directors of the organization to detect positive and negative points in their work. It is also in charge of handling the complaints of the clients of the organization.

      • Tissue Processing Unit

      Annually, a significant number of our compatriots need organ and tissue transplants in the course of treatment of the diseases, and LMO, because of its professional situation, is in a position to help these people. In order to facilitate and support provision of transplantable tissues and help in alleviating the patients’ suffering, LMO launched the project of Tissue Bank in 2017. According to its mandate, tissue bank provides tissues that are available through informed consent of relatives of deceased donors or will become available by the legal will of living persons who wish to donate their organs or tissues post mortem.